Follow these basic steps to develop a family disaster plan:
Gather Information About Hazards
For information on what type of disasters could occur and how you should respond, please call the National Weather Service office at 937-898-4541 or the American Red Cross at 937-222-6711.
Most Importantly, Be Alert! Be Prepared!
When the weather is threatening, stay tuned to a local radio or television station for weather updates. If a tornado is threatening Fairborn, emergency sirens will sound. Listen for a constant tone with very little variation in pitch. The siren will sound for approximately three minutes when a tornado has been sighted within five miles of the City. The sirens will not sound an "all-clear" signal. These sirens are tested on the first Monday of every month.
Know the Difference Between a Tornado Watch & Warning
- A tornado "watch" means conditions are favorable for a tornado in the area.
- A tornado "warning" means a tornado has been sighted and may be approaching our area. When a warning is issued, go to a safe place such as a basement or a hallway to protect yourself from glass or flying objects.
Create a Family Plan
Discuss the information you have gathered. In case of an emergency, establish 2 family meeting places - locations outside of your home. Discuss what you would do if you needed to evacuate your home.
Implement Your Plan
- Assemble a disaster supply kit in the trunk of your vehicle
- Have your family learn basic CPR, first aid, how to use a fire extinguisher, and how and when to turn off water, gas, and electricity in your home
- Inspect your home for potential hazards (items that can move, fall, break, or catch fire); correct any problems you discover
- Install smoke detectors in your home, and keep fire extinguishers handy
- Keep emergency telephone numbers by the phones
- Keep important family documents in waterproof containers
- Teach your children how and when to call 911
Practice & Maintain Your Plan
Ask questions to make sure your family remembers meeting places, phone numbers, and safety rules. Conduct drills on a regular basis. Test your smoke detectors monthly and change batteries twice a year. The best way to remember to change the batteries is to do it during the spring and fall time change. Have your fire extinguishers services and recharged by a licensed fire protection company. Replace stored food and water every six months.
Assemble a Disaster Supply Kit
Your kit should contain:
- A 3-day supply of water (one gallon per person per day)
- A credit card or cash
- Emergency tools, including a battery-powered NOAA Weather Radio (available at local electronic stores), a portable radio, flashlight, and plenty of extra batteries
- An extra set of car keys
- A first aid kit, including prescription medicines
- Food that requires no refrigeration, preparation or cooking, and little or no water (ready to eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables); remember to pack a manual can opener
- Important family documents such as wills, insurances, contracts, deeds, bank account information, IDs, immunization records, and important telephone numbers
- One change of clothing and footwear per person
- Special items for infants, elderly, or disabled family members